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Russia’s Kh-22 – the Missile Ukraine Has Yet to Shoot Down

In 2000, Ukraine transferred 386 Kh-22 missiles to Russia as an installment against the gas debt. These have since be used to target Ukrainian cities in attacks like the one this morning.

Russia’s Kh-22 – the Missile Ukraine Has Yet to Shoot Down

  • War in Ukraine
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Since the launch of the full-scale invasion , Russian forces have fired around 300 Kh-22 missiles (also called X-22 in English) at Ukraine, none of which have been intercepted and shot down, a Kyiv official said on Friday.

Speaking just hours after a massive attack on cities across Ukraine, Air Force spokesperson Yuriy Ihnat said this and a modified version of the rocket were likely some of those that made it past air defenses today.

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So far 16 people are known to have been killed in today’s attack and a further 97 injured.

“The Kh-22 missile flies at a speed of four thousand kilometers per hour, it enters its target mostly along a ballistic trajectory, so special means are needed to intercept it,” he told national television.

“We need air defense systems like Patriot, so it's not so easy with these missiles. The enemy has used more than 300 of these missiles since the full-scale invasion.

“In addition to the Kh-22, they also have a modernized version of this missile – the Kh-32.

“Probably, these missiles were also used today.”

When asked what percentage of Kh-22/Kh-32 Ukraine’s air defenses had managed to shoot down, Ihnat said none, adding Russian forces use these types of missiles mainly on the southern and eastern directions, as well as in the north.

What is the Kh-22 and why is it so hard to shoot down?

The Kh-22 "Burya" (Storm) is a Soviet-era long-range airborne supersonic cruise missile.

‘He Was Riddled With Holes’ – Russian Soldier Recounts Shooting of Commander

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Russian Cruise Missiles Were Made Just Months Ago Despite Sanctions

Weapons investigators in Kyiv found that at least one Russian Kh-101 cruise missile used in widespread attacks there on Nov. 23 had been made no earlier than October.

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Smoke rising from the port in Kherson.

By John Ismay

Some of the cruise missiles that Russia launched at Ukraine’s civilian infrastructure in late November were manufactured months after the West imposed sanctions intended to deprive Moscow of the components needed to make those munitions, according to a weapons research group.

Experts examined remnants of Kh-101 cruise missiles found in Kyiv, the capital, after an attack on Nov. 23 that knocked out electricity and shut down water systems in large areas of the country. One of the missiles was made this summer, and another was completed after September, markings on the weapons show, according to a report released by the investigators on Monday .

That Russia has continued to make advanced guided missiles like the Kh-101 suggests that it has found ways to acquire semiconductors and other matériel despite the sanctions or that it had significant stockpiles of the components before the war began, one of the researchers said.

The findings are among the most recent by Conflict Armament Research , an independent group based in Britain that identifies and tracks weapons and ammunition used in wars. A small team of its researchers arrived in Kyiv just before the attack at the invitation of the Ukrainian security service.

In four previous research trips to Kyiv since the invasion, the investigators found that almost all of the advanced Russian military gear they examined — like encrypted radios and laser range finders — was built with Western semiconductors.

The investigators were unable to determine whether the Kh-101 remnants they studied were from missiles that reached their targets and exploded or were intercepted in flight and shot down.

The Kh-101 missiles were marked with a 13-digit numerical sequence. The investigators said they believe that the first three digits represent the factory where the missile was made, followed by another three-digit code indicating which of two known versions of the Kh-101 it is and two digits indicating when it was manufactured. A final string of five numbers is believed to denote the missile’s production batch and serial number.

Piotr Butowski, a Polish journalist who has written extensively about Russia’s warplanes and military munitions, said the group’s numerical analysis matched up with his research.

“The first three digits are always ‘315’ — this is the production facility code,” Mr. Butowski said in an email. “Kh-101 missiles are developed and manufactured by the Raduga company in Dubna near Moscow.”

In an interview before the report was released, a U.S. defense intelligence analyst said that Mr. Butowski’s analysis was consistent with the government’s understanding of how Russian missile producers — including those that make the Kh-101 — mark their weapons. The official, who was not authorized to speak publicly, said Russia was generally believed to be experiencing ammunition stockpile problems and may be using newer munitions alongside those that are much older.

The analyst said that reports from Russia indicate that the government has ordered employees at munition plants to work additional hours in an effort to produce more ordnance, and that it is clear that Russia is now firing fewer long-range weapons like cruise missiles at a smaller number of targets in Ukraine.

Pentagon officials say Russia has fired thousands of long-range weapons like cruise missiles as well as short- and medium-range ballistic missiles at targets in Ukraine since the war began.

Whether Russia has depleted its inventory of older cruise missiles is unclear. But militaries often use older munitions first in combat because they typically make up a majority of a nation’s stockpile.

On Nov. 23, the same day as the cruise missile attack on Kyiv, Lloyd J. Austin III, the secretary of defense, told reporters that Russia’s supply of precision-guided weapons had been “significantly reduced” and that it would be more difficult for Russia to rapidly produce them “because of the trade restrictions they have on microchips and other types of things.”

But Damien Spleeters, who led Conflict Armament Research’s investigation, said it would be difficult to say that the Russians are running short on weapons.

“Those claims have been made since April,” he said, “so we’re just pointing to the fact that these cruise missiles being made so recently may be a symptom of that, but it’s not a certainty.”

John Ismay is a Pentagon correspondent in the Washington bureau and a former Navy explosive ordnance disposal officer. More about John Ismay

Our Coverage of the War in Ukraine

News and Analysis

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How We Verify Our Reporting

Our team of visual journalists analyzes satellite images, photographs , videos and radio transmissions  to independently confirm troop movements and other details.

We monitor and authenticate reports on social media, corroborating these with eyewitness accounts and interviews. Read more about our reporting efforts .

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Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, July 8, 2024

cruise missile kh 22

Nicole Wolkov, Grace Mappes, Christina Harward, Karolina Hird, and Frederick W. Kagan

July 8, 2024, 6pm ET  

Click here to see ISW’s interactive map of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. This map is updated daily alongside the static maps present in this report.

Click here to see ISW’s 3D control of terrain topographic map of Ukraine. Use of a computer (not a mobile device) is strongly recommended for using this data-heavy tool.

Click here to access ISW’s archive of interactive time-lapse maps of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. These maps complement the static control-of-terrain map that ISW produces daily by showing a dynamic frontline. ISW will update this time-lapse map archive monthly.

Note: The data cut-off for this product was 12:15pm ET on July 8 ISW will cover subsequent reports in the July 9 Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment.

A Russian Kh-101 cruise missile hit the Okhmatdyt Children's Hospital in central Kyiv during a wider series of missile strikes targeting critical Ukrainian infrastructure throughout the day on July 8.  Ukrainian Air Force Commander Lieutenant General Mykola Oleshchuk stated that Russian forces conducted two rounds of combined missile strikes on July 8—first launching four Kh-101 cruise missiles from Saratov Oblast and two Iskander-M ballistic missiles from occupied Crimea and Kursk Oblast overnight on July 7 to 8, and then launching a second wave of missiles, including one Kh-47 Kinzhal aeroballistic missile, four Iskander-M ballistic missiles, one 3M22 Zircon cruise missile, 13 Kh-101 cruise missiles, 14 Kalibr cruise missiles, two Kh-22 cruise missiles, and three Kh-59/69 guided air missiles around 1000 local time on July 8.[1] Ukrainian air defense shot down two Kh-101s in the first wave, and one Kh-47, three Iskanders, 11 Kh-101s, 12 Kalibrs, and three Kh-59/69s during the second wave.[2] Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky stated that Russian forces targeted residential and other civilian infrastructure in Kyiv, Dnipro, Kryvyi Rih, Slovyansk, and Kramatorsk cities.[3]

Footage taken by a bystander in Kyiv City shows the second before a Russian missile struck the Okhmatdyt Children's Hospital—Ukraine's largest pediatric hospital that treats thousands of patients, including cancer cases, daily.[4] The footage clearly shows a single missile flying at a sharp downward trajectory before making contact with the hospital building. Ukraine's Security Service (SBU) conducted a preliminary investigation of the blast site at Okhmatdyt and concluded that Russian forces used a Kh-101 missile to strike the hospital.[5] The Okhmatdyt Children's Hospital published footage showing extensive damage to medical facilities on the premises.[6] Falling debris from Russian missiles also struck the Isida Maternity Hospital in western Kyiv City after the initial strike on the Okhmatdyt hospital, and Russian missile strikes also damaged residential infrastructure elsewhere both in Kyiv and Dnipro cities.[7] The Ukrainian Ministry of Internal Affairs has confirmed 22 deaths and 74 injured in Kyiv City and 11 deaths and 64 injured within Dnipropetrovsk Oblast as of the time of this publication.[8] Zelensky announced that Ukraine is convening an emergency session of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in response to these Russian strikes.[9] Russia is currently the president of the UNSC.

Russian officials and information space actors are attempting to deflect responsibility for the Okhmatdyt Children's Hospital strike by making false claims about the missiles involved and the state of the hospital — all contrary to available evidence.  The Ukrainian Center for Countering Disinformation warned on July 9 that various Russian propaganda sources are amplifying a wide variety of information operations deflecting blame for the strike away from Russia, including false claims that Ukraine was using part or all of the hospital to treat wounded Ukrainian soldiers, that Ukraine was storing missiles at the hospital, and that Ukrainian air defense missiles and not a Russian missile hit the hospital.[10] The Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) claimed that available footage "clearly confirms" that falling Ukrainian air defense missiles damaged civilian objects within Kyiv City, likely referring to the Okhmatdyt Children's Hospital and not to another medical facility within the city that Ukrainian officials acknowledged was damaged by falling missile debris.[11] Russian sources widely circulated the footage and image of the missile in the second before it hit the Okhmatdyt Children's Hospital, and some milbloggers even published misleading posts falsely claiming that it was a Ukrainian air defense missile and not an attacking Russian Kh-101 missile.[12] The trajectory of the missile in the video and the visible turbojet engine under its hull match the frame of a Russian Kh-101 and do not support claims that it was an air defense interceptor, nor does the missile appear damaged by air defense interceptors.[13] The Ukrainian SBU also reported that the serial numbers of the missile components match those of other Russian Kh-101s launched at Ukraine.[14] Some Russian milbloggers claimed that Russian forces were attempting to strike the Artem machine building plant roughly 1.6 kilometers north of the Okhmatdyt Children's Hospital, but other Russian missiles actually hit the Artem Plant during the strike.[15]

Many of these false Russian information operations would not absolve Russian forces of legal or moral responsibility for the impacts of their strikes against Ukraine even if true.  Russian information operations falsely portraying the Okhmatdyt Children's Hospital as partially or completely a military hospital falsely suggest that such a hospital is inherently a legitimate military target. The Okhmatdyt Children's Hospital is notably not a military hospital—it is the largest multidisciplinary children's hospital in Ukraine and treats up to 18,000 children per year.[16] Article 19 of the Geneva Convention, to which Russia is a signatory, relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War states that the international legal protection to civilian hospitals does not end unless the hospital undertakes "acts harmful to the enemy," and Article 19 explicitly excludes the presence of sick or wounded military personnel as an act "harmful to the enemy."[17] Article 19 also states that the "enemy" must give a warning prior to attacking a hospital allegedly containing a "harmful" military target, and no Russian sources are claiming that Russian authorities issued such a warning, nor have any offered proof that a hospital full of sick children was posing an imminent threat to Russian forces.[18] The Russian MoD's claim that a Ukrainian air defense interceptor hit civilian objects and Russian milblogger claims that a Russian missile accidentally hit the hospital also do not absolve Russian forces of responsibility for these consequences, as Russia is the aggressor state in this war and Ukraine would not have to defend against Russian strikes if Russia had not launched its full-scale invasion of and routine missile strike series against Ukraine.

The July 8 Russian missile strikes likely employed a new and noteworthy tactic to maximize the damage from such strike series.  Former Ukrainian Air Forces Spokesperson Colonel Yuriy Ihnat stated following the strikes on July 8 that Russian forces are constantly improving their reconnaissance and strike drone capabilities and the efficacy of both cruise and ballistic missiles, noting that during the July 8 strike Russian cruise missiles flew at "extremely low" altitudes.[19] Ihnat noted that in some cases, Ukrainian air defense forces had to attempt to intercept cruise missiles flying as low as 50 meters above the ground. Ukrainian air defenses have historically had high shoot-down rates for certain types of cruise missiles, particularly the older Kh-101 variety, but Ihnat's suggestion of Russian forces launching cruise missile strikes at such low altitudes indicates that Russian forces may have innovated their tactics and/or technology somewhat to inflict maximum damage on Ukrainian infrastructure by giving Ukrainian air defense practically no time to respond until the missile is already within close range of the ground.[20] Ihnat noted that Russian forces are reducing the electromagnetic signatures of the drones until the last possible moment to prevent their detection by Ukrainian forces, which Ihnat noted means that by the time Ukrainian forces detect the drone, the missile the drone was guiding could already be close to the target point.[21] Russia has consistently adapted the strike packages it uses against Ukraine to take advantage of Ukraine's air defense shortages, and the July 8 strikes represent a new and adapted strike package that Ukraine will need to learn to respond to with requisite levels of Western-provided air defense systems.[22]

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban and People's Republic of China (PRC) President Xi Jinping continued to posture themselves as potential mediators to an end to the war in Ukraine during a July 8 meeting in Beijing, despite Russian President Vladimir Putin's rejection of serious negotiations or any third-party mediation.  Orban called the PRC a "key power" in creating conditions for peace and stated that Hungary highly appreciates the PRC's peace initiative.[23] Xi stated that the international community should support direct negotiations between Russia and Ukraine and that other unspecified major world powers should employ "positive energy rather than negative energy" to support a ceasefire as soon as possible.[24] Xi also claimed that the PRC and Hungary share the same basic proposals to end the war. Orban and Xi are likely trying to mutually reinforce each other's efforts to portray Hungary and the PRC as neutral mediators despite Orban's consistent efforts to oppose and undermine the European Union's (EU) support for Ukraine and increasing evidence that the PRC is supporting Russia's war effort by providing Russia with dual-use goods and unconfirmed reports of joint PRC–Russian production of loitering munitions.[25] Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky responded to a question at a July 8 press conference about whether Hungary could serve as a mediator to an end to the war and stated that only serious and strong alliances could stop the war and that a foreign country's representative holding bilateral discussions with Putin does not indicate Putin's interest in ending the war.[26] Zelensky also noted that countries with strong economies that influence Russia's economy and countries with militaries that threaten Russia's military - such as the US, the PRC, and the entire EU — could lead international mediation efforts and pressure Russia. Putin rejected Russian participation in possible ceasefire negotiations processes, denied interest in a ceasefire altogether, and demanded Ukrainian capitulation through "demilitarization" and the surrender of significant territory that Russia does not currently occupy on July 4 and 5.[27]

Russian Vice Admiral Sergei Lipilin replaced Vice Admiral Vladimir Vorobyov as Russian Baltic Fleet Commander.  The Russian military officially introduced Lipilin as Baltic Fleet Commander at a Russian Navy ceremony in Kronstadt in St. Petersburg on July 8.[28] Lipilin previously served as the Baltic Fleet's Chief of Staff and First Deputy Commander since 2021, and Vorobyov is now Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy.[29]

The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) claimed on July 8 that a May 2024 op-ed by an ISW Russia analyst published in the  Telegraph  was unsubstantiated. [30]   The op-ed was a brief presentation of in-depth and well-documented research that ISW has published regarding Russia's occupation of Ukraine and project to destroy Ukrainian statehood via genocidal means.[31] ISW stands by its assessments, including those presented in the  Telegraph  op-ed.

Key Takeaways:

  • A Russian Kh-101 cruise missile hit the Okhmatdyt Children's Hospital in central Kyiv during a wider series of missile strikes targeting critical Ukrainian infrastructure throughout the day on July 8.
  • Russian officials and information space actors are attempting to deflect responsibility for the Okhmatdyt Children's Hospital strike by making false claims about the missiles involved and the state of the hospital — all contrary to available evidence.
  • The July 8 Russian missile strikes likely employed a new and noteworthy tactic to maximize the damage from such strike series.
  • Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban and People's Republic of China (PRC) President Xi Jinping continued to posture themselves as potential mediators to an end to the war in Ukraine during a July 8 meeting in Beijing, despite Russian President Vladimir Putin's rejection of serious negotiations or any third-party mediation.
  • Russian Vice Admiral Sergei Lipilin replaced Vice Admiral Vladimir Vorobyov as Russian Baltic Fleet Commander.
  • Ukrainian forces recently regained lost positions in Chasiv Yar, and Russian forces recently advanced near Donetsk City and in western Zaporizhia Oblast.
  • Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin called on July 8 for Russia to increase its domestic production of drones fivefold by 2030.

cruise missile kh 22

We do not report in detail on Russian war crimes because these activities are well-covered in Western media and do not directly affect the military operations we are assessing and forecasting. We will continue to evaluate and report on the effects of these criminal activities on the Ukrainian military and the Ukrainian population and specifically on combat in Ukrainian urban areas. We utterly condemn Russian violations of the laws of armed conflict and the Geneva Conventions and crimes against humanity even though we do not describe them in these reports.

  • Russian Main Effort — Eastern Ukraine (comprised of three subordinate main efforts)
  • Russian Subordinate Main Effort #1 — Push Ukrainian forces back from the international border with Belgorod Oblast and approach to within tube artillery range of Kharkiv City
  • Russian Subordinate Main Effort #2 — Capture the remainder of Luhansk Oblast and push westward into eastern Kharkiv Oblast and encircle northern Donetsk Oblast
  • Russian Subordinate Main Effort #3 — Capture the entirety of Donetsk Oblast
  • Russian Supporting Effort — Southern Axis
  • Russian Air, Missile, and Drone Campaign
  • Russian Mobilization and Force Generation Efforts
  • Russian Technological Adaptations
  • Activities in Russian-occupied areas
  • Ukrainian Defense Industrial Base Efforts

Russian Information Operations and Narratives

  • Significant Activity in Belarus

Russian Main Effort — Eastern Ukraine

Russian Subordinate Main Effort #1 — Kharkiv Oblast   ( Russian objective: Push Ukrainian forces back from the international border with Belgorod Oblast and approach to within tube artillery range of Kharkiv City)

Russian forces continued offensive operations in northern Kharkiv Oblast on July 8 but did not make any confirmed advances. Russian milbloggers claimed that Ukrainian forces are conducting constant counterattacks near Hlyboke (north of Kharkiv City) and that heavy fighting is ongoing within urban areas in Vovchansk (northeast of Kharkiv City).[32] The Ukrainian General Staff reported Russian ground attacks north of Kharkiv City near Hlyboke and Lyptsi and northeast of Kharkiv City near Starytsya, Tykhe, and Vovchansk on July 8.[33]

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Russian Subordinate Main Effort #2 — Luhansk Oblast  (Russian objective: Capture the remainder of Luhansk Oblast and push westward into eastern Kharkiv Oblast and northern Donetsk Oblast)

Russian forces continued offensive operations along the Kupyansk-Svatove-Kreminna line on July 8 but did not make any confirmed advances. Russian milbloggers claimed that recent Russian strikes on Ukrainian crossings across the Oskil River near Kupyansk have forced Ukrainian troops to draw some of their forces to the west (right) bank of the Oskil River.[34] Russian forces have recently conducted several strikes against bridges over the Oskil River, likely in an effort to make the Ukrainian presence on the east (left) bank more untenable.[35] Russian milbloggers also claimed that Russian forces advanced up to 800 meters near Pishchane (southeast of Kupyansk).[36] The Ukrainian General Staff reported Russian ground attacks northeast of Kupyansk near Synkivka; southeast of Kupyansk near Pishchane, Stepova Novoselivka, and Berestove; northwest of Svatove near Stelmakhivka; northwest of Kreminna near Makiivka, Hrekivka, Nevske, and Terny; west of Kreminna near Torske; and southwest of Kreminna in the Serebryanske forest area.[37]

cruise missile kh 22

Russian Subordinate Main Effort #3 — Donetsk Oblast  (Russian objective: Capture the entirety of Donetsk Oblast, the claimed territory of Russia’s proxies in Donbas)

Russian forces continued ground attacks in the Siversk direction on July 8, but there were no confirmed changes to the frontline. Fighting continued northeast of Siversk near Bilohorivka; east of Siversk near Verkhnokamyanske; southeast of Siversk near Spirne; and south of Siversk near Rozdolivka and Vesele on July 7 and 8.[38]

Ukrainian forces recently advanced in Chasiv Yar amid continued Russian offensive operations in the area on July 8. Geolocated footage published on July 8 indicates that Ukrainian forces recently advanced along Oleh Koshovyi Street in the western part of the Kanal Microraion (easternmost Chasiv Yar).[39] A Russian milblogger claimed that Russian forces may have crossed the Siverskyi Donets-Donbas Canal in an unspecified area in the Chasiv Yar direction, but ISW has not observed visual evidence of enduring Russian positions on the west side of the canal and has not observed other milbloggers making a similar claim. Fighting continued in the Kanal Microraion; northeast of Chasiv Yar near Bohdanivka; north of Chasiv Yar near Kalynivka and Hryhorivka; southeast of Chasiv Yar near Andriivka and Klishchiivka; and south of Chasiv Yar near Bila Hora on July 7 and 8.[40] Elements of the Russian 98th Airborne (VDV) Division reportedly continue operating in the Kanal Microraion; elements of the Russian "Sever-V" Brigade (Volunteer Corps) reportedly continue operating near Hryhorivka; and elements of the Russian 11th VDV Brigade and "Burevestnik" drone detachment reportedly continue operating in the Chasiv Yar direction.[41]

cruise missile kh 22

Russian forces continued offensive operations in the Toretsk direction on July 8, but there were no confirmed changes to the frontline. A Russian milblogger claimed that Russian forces advanced 100 meters in southern Niu York (south of Toretsk) and have occupied roughly 30 percent of the settlement.[42] ISW currently assesses that Russian forces have advanced into 16 percent of the administrative boundaries of Niu York. Fighting continued near Toretsk itself; southeast of Toretsk near Pivnichne; and south of Toretsk near Niu York.[43] Elements of the Russian 16th Spetsnaz Brigade (Russian General Staff's Main Intelligence Directorate [GRU]) and 9th Motorized Rifle Brigade (1st Donetsk People's Republic Army Corps [DNR AC]) are reportedly operating near Niu York.[44]

cruise missile kh 22

Russian forces continued offensive operations in the Avdiivka direction on July 8, but there were no confirmed changes to the frontline. Russian milbloggers claimed that Russian forces advanced 200 meters between Novokalynove and Novobakhmutivka (both north of Avdiivka); north of Novooleksandrivka (northwest of Avdiivka); 200 meters toward Prohres (northwest of Avdiivka); 400 meters south of Voskhod (northwest of Avdiivka); and 200 meters toward Novoselivka Persha from Novopokrovske (both northwest of Avdiivka).[45] ISW has not observed visual evidence of any of these claims. Fighting also continued northwest of Avdiivka near Vozdvyzhenka, Lozuvatske, Timofiivka, Yevhenivka, and Yasnobrodivka; and west of Avdiivka near Umanske and Karlivka on July 7 and 8.[46]

cruise missile kh 22

Russian forces recently advanced southwest of Donetsk City amid continued Russian offensive operations west and southwest of Donetsk City on July 8. Geolocated footage published on July 7 indicates that Russian forces recently advanced west of Solodke (southwest of Donetsk City).[47] Fighting continued west of Donetsk City near Krasnohorivka and southwest of Donetsk city near Heorhiivka, Kostyantynivka and Paraskoviivka on July 7 and 8.[48]

Ukraine's Main Military Intelligence Directorate (GUR) reported on July 8 that Ukrainian forces struck two military facilities in occupied Donetsk Oblast on July 6, including a logistics center with tank equipment and ammunition in Debaltseve and an electronic warfare (EW) jamming communications station in Novoluhanske.[49]

Positional engagements continued in the Donetsk-Zaporizhia Oblast border area south of Velyka Novosilka near Makarivka, Urozhaine, and Staromayorske on July 7 and 8.[50] Elements of the Russian 64th Motorized Rifle Brigade (35th Combined Arms Army [CAA], Eastern Military District [EMD]) are reportedly operating near Marfopil (southwest of Velyka Novosilka).[51]

cruise missile kh 22

Russian Supporting Effort — Southern Axis  (Russian objective: Maintain frontline positions and secure rear areas against Ukrainian strikes)

Russian forces recently advanced in western Zaporizhia Oblast amid continued positional engagements in the area on July 8. Geolocated footage published on July 7 indicates that Russian forces advanced northwest of Verbove (east of Robotyne).[52] A Russian milblogger claimed that Russian forces made marginal additional advances in the same area northwest of Verbove[53] Positional engagements continued near Robotyne and Mala Tokmachka (northeast of Robotyne) on July 7 and 8.[54] Elements of the Russian 291st Motorized Rifle Regiment (42nd Motorized Rifle Division, 58th Combined Arms Army [CAA], Southern Military District [SMD]) are reportedly operating in the Zaporizhia direction; elements of the 11th Air Force and Air Defense Army (Russian Aerospace Forces [VKS] and Eastern Military District [EMD]) reportedly conducted glide bomb strikes near Novoselikva (southwest of Hulyaipole); elements of the 64th Motorized Rifle Brigade (35th CAA, EMD) are reportedly operating near Marfopil (southeast of Hulyaipole);and elements of the Russian 247th Airborne (VDV) Regiment (7th VDV Division) are reportedly operating near Novopokrovka (northeast of Robotyne).[55]

cruise missile kh 22

Positional engagements continued in east (left) bank Kherson Oblast, including near Krynky and the islands in the Dnipro River Delta, on July 8.[56]

cruise missile kh 22

The Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) claimed on July 8 that Russian Iskander missiles destroyed three Ukrainian HIMARS launchers near Klapaya, Kherson Oblast on an unspecified date.[57] The Russian MoD claimed that Ukrainian forces launched an ATACMS strike against occupied Sevastopol on June 23 from these HIMARS launchers in Klapaya.

Russian Air, Missile, and Drone Campaign  (Russian Objective: Target Ukrainian military and civilian infrastructure in the rear and on the frontline)

See topline text.

Russian Mobilization and Force Generation Efforts  (Russian objective: Expand combat power without conducting general mobilization)

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin called on July 8 for Russia to increase its domestic production of drones fivefold by 2030.[58] Mishustin stated that Russia needs to localize the production of popular drone models as much as possible and that the Russian government is discussing the establishment of grants and subsidies for drone design, research, and production centers.

Russian authorities continue cryptomobilization efforts in occupied Ukraine likely aimed at building out Russian reserves. The Ukrainian Resistance Center stated on July 8 that Russian occupation officials in occupied Kherson Oblast approved a plan to develop a "Cossack" cooperative that includes all male inhabitants of occupied Kherson Oblast.[59] Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law in March 2024 allowing members of the All-Russian Cossack Society who are in the Russian military, Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR), and Federal Security Service (FSB) reserves to join the mobilization reserve.[60] Putin also notably transferred control of the Cossack Cadet corps to the jurisdiction of the Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) in June 2024, and it is likely that Cossack organizations in occupied Ukraine will also fall under the control of the MoD.[61]

Russian Technological Adaptations  (Russian objective: Introduce technological innovations to optimize systems for use in Ukraine)

Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on July 8 authorizing Russian weapons and military equipment designers to use foreign intellectual property when developing new weapons.[62] The European Union (EU) recently tightened restrictions on Russian nationals' and businesses' applications for intellectual property rights within the EU to offset Russian efforts to deprive EU property rights holders of their protections in Russia.[63] The EU has also imposed sanctions against EU businesses selling intellectual property rights regarding sanctioned materials to Russian entities.[64]

A prominent Russian milblogger continues efforts to manufacturer drones for Russian forces to use on the battlefield. The milblogger claimed that he is scaling up manufacturing of first-person view (FPV) strike drones.[65] Other Russian milbloggers have recently criticized this milblogger and other Russian milbloggers for their grassroots efforts to manufacture new drones and other weapons for use in Ukraine due to the poor quality of the systems.[66]

Ukrainian Defense Industrial Efforts  (Ukrainian objective: Develop its defense industrial base to become more self-sufficient in cooperation with US, European, and international partners)

Ukraine and Poland signed a bilateral security agreement on July 8. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk met in Warsaw, Poland on July 8 and signed a bilateral security agreement that affirms Poland's support of Ukraine and promises cooperation in the security, defense, military, political, and economic fields.[67] The bilateral security agreement also states that Poland will consider transferring one squadron (at least 14 aircraft) of MiG-29 fighter aircraft to Ukraine and that Poland and Ukraine will discuss with their allies the possibility of Polish air defenses intercepting missiles and drones flying towards Poland over Ukrainian territory. The bilateral agreement also affirms Poland's support for Ukraine's accession into the European Union (EU).

Ukraine's allies continue to provide Ukraine with additional military assistance. The United Kingdom (UK) Ministry of Defense (MoD) announced a new package of military support to Ukraine on July 7 including 250,000 rounds of 50mm small arms ammunition, 90 anti-armor Brimstone missiles, 50 small boats, 40 demining vehicles, 10 AS-90 155mm artillery systems, 32 new barrels for Ukraine's current AS-90 systems, and 61 bulldozers to construct defensive structures.[68] New UK Defense Minister John Healy stated that the UK is also expediting prior military assistance pledged in April 2024 to arrive within the next 100 days (by roughly October 14).[69] German Ambassador to Ukraine Martin Jaeger announced on July 5 that the third Patriot air defense system from Germany arrived in Ukraine.[70] The Latvian MoD announced on July 5 that it will transfer 2,500 drones worth four million euros (about $4.3 million) to Ukraine in July 2024 through the Ukraine Drone Coalition and that the first batch of these drones will arrive in the coming days.[71]

Activities in Russian-occupied areas  (Russian objective: Consolidate administrative control of annexed areas; forcibly integrate Ukrainian citizens into Russian sociocultural, economic, military, and governance systems)

ISW is not publishing coverage of activities in Russian-occupied areas today.

Russian officials continue to discredit international human rights organizations in order to deflect from Russia's own human rights abuses in Ukraine. Head of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs' (MFA) Department of Multilateral Cooperation on Human Rights Grigory Lukyantsev claimed on July 8 that the European Court of Human Rights is a "mouthpiece for anti-Russian propaganda" and that the West is using the UN Human Rights Council to "advance [its] agenda."[72] A prominent Russian milblogger denied on July 8 that Russian forces committed war crimes in Bucha (evidence of which is well-documented and internationally recognized), instead claiming that Ukrainian forces were to blame and that foreign mercenaries conducted mass lootings in Bucha after Russian forces left the area.[73]

Significant activity in Belarus  (Russian efforts to increase its military presence in Belarus and further integrate Belarus into Russian-favorable frameworks and Wagner Group activity in Belarus)

Nothing significant to report.

Note: ISW does not receive any classified material from any source, uses only publicly available information, and draws extensively on Russian, Ukrainian, and Western reporting and social media as well as commercially available satellite imagery and other geospatial data as the basis for these reports. References to all sources used are provided in the endnotes of each update.

cruise missile kh 22

[1] https://t.me/ComAFUA/342; https://t.me/ComAFUA/343

[2] https://t.me/ComAFUA/342; https://t.me/ComAFUA/343

[3] https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/masovanyj-udar-po-ukrayini-vorog-vypustyv-ponad-40-raket-riznyh-typiv/; https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/raketnyj-obstril-rf-po-ukrayini-blyzko-20-zagyblyh-i-pivsotni-postrazhdalyh/; https://t.me/V_Zelenskiy_official/11047

[4] https://x.com/666_mancer/status/1810290552501387344; https://meduza.io/feature/2024/07/08/rossiyskaya-raketa-popala-v-ohmatdet-krupneyshuyu-v-ukraine-detskuyu-bolnitsu-gde-lechat-samyh-tyazhelyh-patsientov

[5] https://armyinform.com dot ua/2024/07/08/vorog-vdaryv-po-ohmaditu-krylatoyu-raketoyu-x-101-sbu/

[6] https://www.instagram.com/p/C9KAuhJo4VF/?igsh=MWthdHV4cmwzaW9naA%3D%3D&img_index=1

[7] https://kyivindependent.com/latest-russian-attack-on-kyiv-hits-maternity-hospital-4-killed/; https://t.me/vitaliy_klitschko/3259; https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/u-kryvomu-rozi-10-zagyblyh-pislya-vorozhogo-raketnogo-obstrilu/; https://t.me/vilkul/7098 ; https://t.me/SJTF_Odes/10391

[8] https://www.facebook.com/mvs.gov.ua/posts/pfbid0uD26h2HLHqc6gQ5Dqt2uAMMW8Ec8DEk13FGW73XjGkJ4naB2jzcNQVjBVej5HFhAl

[9] https://t.me/V_Zelenskiy_official/11053; https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/mayemo-prytyagty-do-vidpovidalnosti-rosiyu-za-teror-i-putina-za-nakazy-zavdavaty-udariv-prezydent/

[10] https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/ohmatdyt-vijskovyj-gospital-yak-rosijska-propaganda-vypravdovuye-obstril-dytyachoyi-likarni/; https://t.me/ComAFUA/343

[11] https://t.me/mod_russia/40826 ; https://t.me/mod_russia/40827 ; https://t.me/MID_Russia/43040; https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/vorog-znovu-udaryv-po-medychnomu-obyektu-u-kyyevi-4-lyudyny-zagynulo-i-3-travmovano/; https://t.me/dsns_telegram/29970; https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/vorog-znovu-udaryv-po-medychnomu-obyektu-u-kyyevi-4-lyudyny-zagynulo-i-3-travmovano/

[12] https://t.me/boris_rozhin/129394; https://t.me/basurin_e/12584; https://t.me/ssigny/103545; https://t.me/notes_veterans/18012; https://t.me/basurin_e/12580; https://t.me/sashakots/47743; https://t.me/vysokygovorit/16428; https://t.me/DnevnikDesantnika/12556; https://t.me/belarusian_silovik/3743; https://t.me/RSaponkov/8424; https://t.me/fighter_bomber/17299; https://t.me/wargonzo/20931; https://t.me/wargonzo/20934; https://t.me/motopatriot/24569; https://t.me/RSaponkov/8427; https://t.me/milinfolive/125646; https://t.me/dva_majors/46932; https://t.me/warfakes/23213

[13] https://x.com/666_mancer/status/1810290552501387344; https://t.me/ButusovPlus/11694; https://x.com/JulianRoepcke/status/1810305238387097717; https://missilethreat.csis.org/missile/kh-101-kh-102/; https://euromaidanpress.com/2023/01/20/how-many-air-launched-kh-101-missiles-russia-is-able-to-produce-analysis/

[14] https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/vorog-vdaryv-po-ohmaditu-krylatoyu-raketoyu-x-101-sbu/

[15] https://t.me/rybar/61649; https://t.me/rybar/61652; https://t.me/dva_majors/46931; https://t.me/sashakots/47743; https://t.me/wargonzo/20934; https://x.com/MassDara/status/1810313152027845025

[16] https://meduza dot io/feature/2024/07/08/rossiyskaya-raketa-popala-v-ohmatdet-krupneyshuyu-v-ukraine-detskuyu-bolnitsu-gde-lechat-samyh-tyazhelyh-patsientov

[17] https://www.ohchr.org/en/instruments-mechanisms/instruments/geneva-convention-relative-protection-civilian-persons-time-war#:~:text=from%20such%20objectives.-,Article%2019,acts%20harmful%20to%20the%20enemy.

[18] https://www.ohchr.org/en/instruments-mechanisms/instruments/geneva-convention-relative-protection-civilian-persons-time-war#:~:text=from%20such%20objectives.-,Article%2019,acts%20harmful%20to%20the%20enemy.

[19] https://www.facebook.com/100000363042511/posts/7955200821168607/?rdid=HO0mmCVNCT3TAx3U

[20] https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-june-22-2024 ; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-june-14-2024 ; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-june-1-2024 ; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-april-11-2024 ; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-december-8-2023; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-december-29-2023 ; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-january-23-2024; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-february-7-2024 ; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-march-21-2024 ; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-may-8-2024

[21] https://www.radiosvoboda dot org/a/news-rozviduval%CA%B9ni-drony-rosiya/33026220.html

[22] https://isw.pub/UkrWar010224; https://isw.pub/UkrWar011324; https://isw.pub/UkrWar011324; https://isw.pub/UkrWar011524; https://isw.pub/UkrWar012324; https://isw.pub/UkrWar020724; https://isw.pub/UkrWarO41224

[23] https://kormany dot hu/hirek/a-magyaroknak-fontos-hogy-kina-szorgalmazza-a-beket-a-vilagban

[24] https://www.fmprc.gov dot cn/zyxw/202407/t20240708_11449761.shtml ; https://english.www.gov dot cn/news/202407/08/content_WS668b8d33c6d0868f4e8e8fcb.html

[25] https://isw.pub/UkrWar070624 ; https://isw.pub/UkrWar070324 ; https://isw.pub/UkrWar041624

[26] https://suspilne dot media/786053-zelenskij-ne-znav-so-orban-poide-do-putina-tim-casom-lider-knr-zaklikae-ne-eskaluvati/ ; https://www.pravda.com dot ua/news/2024/07/8/7464660/

[27] https://isw.pub/UkrWar070624

[28] https://t.me/mod_russia/40829

[29] https://www.kommersant dot ru/doc/6820380 ; https://t.me/mod_russia/40829

[30] https://t.me/MID_Russia/43030 ; https://mid

dot ru/ru/press_service/publikacii-i-oproverzenia/oproverzenia1/nedostovernie-publikacii/1961047/ ; https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2024/05/31/europe-see-the-worst-genocide-since-holocaust/

[31] https://www.understandingwar.org/sites/default/files/24-210-01%20ISW%20Occupation%20playbook.pdf; https://understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-may-28-2024 ; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-february-21-2024 ; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-june-4-2024; https://isw.pub/UkrWar031723 ; https://isw.pub/UkrWar082023; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-april-9-2023 ; https://isw.pub/UkrWar020623

[32] https://t.me/RVvoenkor/72007; https://t.me/dva_majors/46894; https://t.me/wargonzo/20924; https://t.me/RVvoenkor/72000; https://t.me/motopatriot/24585; https://t.me/Sladkov_plus/10948; https://t.me/DnevnikDesantnika/12560; https://t.me/voenkorKotenok/57441

[33] https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0CqzUtdnRmA6xYRUksgF85KBa7fyWS5APNMZTgUUTE8n9koVdrv5nLwXtnJKCCwNCl; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid02xgqceL8gVBg6CfhSYQNCqSSeXqDUi94o493VG5SK9VvmYyLKiTeApkxPiZyGzMWil

[34] https://t.me/DnevnikDesantnika/12539; https://t.me/Sladkov_plus/10948

[35] https://t.me/boris_rozhin/129256; https://t.me/bortzhyrnal/473 ; https://t.me/grey_zone/23470 ; https://t.me/voenkorKotenok/57437 ; https://t.me/RVvoenkor/71974; https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-july-7-2024;  https://t.me/DnevnikDesantnika/11924;   https://t.me/dva_majors/45566

[36] https://t.me/RVvoenkor/71988 ; https://t.me/boris_rozhin/129311; https://t.me/voenkorKotenok/57441

[37] https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0CqzUtdnRmA6xYRUksgF85KBa7fyWS5APNMZTgUUTE8n9koVdrv5nLwXtnJKCCwNCl; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid02xgqceL8gVBg6CfhSYQNCqSSeXqDUi94o493VG5SK9VvmYyLKiTeApkxPiZyGzMWil

[38] https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0CqzUtdnRmA6xYRUksgF85KBa7fyWS5APNMZTgUUTE8n9koVdrv5nLwXtnJKCCwNCl ; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid02xgqceL8gVBg6CfhSYQNCqSSeXqDUi94o493VG5SK9VvmYyLKiTeApkxPiZyGzMWil ; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0479XJ44PCLwgyW8TzaNFwkQi3t7Wq2J9J9rKfCGzcyHe2hUmWjwdq4tegDNhADySl

 ; https://t.me/voenkorKotenok/57441

[39] https://t.me/creamy_caprice/6014; https://t.me/DobroKor/520

[40] https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0CqzUtdnRmA6xYRUksgF85KBa7fyWS5APNMZTgUUTE8n9koVdrv5nLwXtnJKCCwNCl ; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid02xgqceL8gVBg6CfhSYQNCqSSeXqDUi94o493VG5SK9VvmYyLKiTeApkxPiZyGzMWil ; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0479XJ44PCLwgyW8TzaNFwkQi3t7Wq2J9J9rKfCGzcyHe2hUmWjwdq4tegDNhADySl ; https://t.me/DnevnikDesantnika/12549 ; https://t.me/wargonzo/20924 ; https://t.me/motopatriot/24587 ; https://t.me/voenkorKotenok/57441

[41] https://t.me/DnevnikDesantnika/12537 (Kanal); https://t.me/boris_rozhin/129336 (Hryhorivka); https://t.me/NeoficialniyBeZsonoV/37474 ; https://t.me/wargonzo/20923 (Chasiv Yar)

[42] https://t.me/RVvoenkor/71988 ; https://t.me/RVvoenkor/71989

[43] https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0CqzUtdnRmA6xYRUksgF85KBa7fyWS5APNMZTgUUTE8n9koVdrv5nLwXtnJKCCwNCl ; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid02xgqceL8gVBg6CfhSYQNCqSSeXqDUi94o493VG5SK9VvmYyLKiTeApkxPiZyGzMWil ; https://t.me/DnevnikDesantnika/12545 ; https://t.me/wargonzo/20924 ; https://t.me/voenkorKotenok/57441 ; https://t.me/boris_rozhin/129311

[44] https://t.me/dva_majors/46896 ; https://t.me/wargonzo/20933 ; https://t.me/boris_rozhin/129318

[45] https://t.me/RVvoenkor/71988 ; https://t.me/motopatriot/24579

[46] https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0CqzUtdnRmA6xYRUksgF85KBa7fyWS5APNMZTgUUTE8n9koVdrv5nLwXtnJKCCwNCl ; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid02xgqceL8gVBg6CfhSYQNCqSSeXqDUi94o493VG5SK9VvmYyLKiTeApkxPiZyGzMWil ; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0479XJ44PCLwgyW8TzaNFwkQi3t7Wq2J9J9rKfCGzcyHe2hUmWjwdq4tegDNhADySl ; https://t.me/dva_majors/46894 ; https://t.me/DnevnikDesantnika/12555 ; https://t.me/wargonzo/20924 ; https://t.me/voenkorKotenok/57441

[47] https://x.com/klinger66/status/1810027330678440331; https://x.com/lost_warinua/status/1809999838450184527

[48] https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0CqzUtdnRmA6xYRUksgF85KBa7fyWS5APNMZTgUUTE8n9koVdrv5nLwXtnJKCCwNCl ; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid02xgqceL8gVBg6CfhSYQNCqSSeXqDUi94o493VG5SK9VvmYyLKiTeApkxPiZyGzMWil ; https://t.me/wargonzo/20924 ; https://t.me/voenkorKotenok/57441

[49] https://t.me/DIUkraine/4086 ; https://gur.gov dot ua/content/rozvidnyky-na-fronti-spalyly-rosiiskoho-zhytielia-ta-tsentr-lohistyky-okupantiv.html

[50] https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0CqzUtdnRmA6xYRUksgF85KBa7fyWS5APNMZTgUUTE8n9koVdrv5nLwXtnJKCCwNCl ; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid02xgqceL8gVBg6CfhSYQNCqSSeXqDUi94o493VG5SK9VvmYyLKiTeApkxPiZyGzMWil ; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0479XJ44PCLwgyW8TzaNFwkQi3t7Wq2J9J9rKfCGzcyHe2hUmWjwdq4tegDNhADySl ; https://t.me/voenkorKotenok/57441

[51] https://t.me/voin_dv/9593; https://x.com/moklasen/status/1810064445550542929; https://x.com/moklasen/status/1810064449358733422

[52] https://t.me/WarArchive_ua/17041; https://t.me/Alliance_KARA_DAG/83; https://t.me/creamy_caprice/6011

[53] https://t.me/z_arhiv/27229

[54] https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid02xgqceL8gVBg6CfhSYQNCqSSeXqDUi94o493VG5SK9VvmYyLKiTeApkxPiZyGzMWil; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0CqzUtdnRmA6xYRUksgF85KBa7fyWS5APNMZTgUUTE8n9koVdrv5nLwXtnJKCCwNCl; https://t.me/wargonzo/20924; https://t.me/voenkorKotenok/57441

[55] https://t.me/RVvoenkor/71990 (291st Regiment) ; https://t.me/boris_rozhin/129332 (11th Air Force and Air Defense Army); https://t.me/voin_dv/9593; https://x.com/moklasen/status/1810064445550542929; https://x.com/moklasen/status/1810064449358733422 (64th Brigade); https://t.me/motopatriot/24563 (247th Regiment)

[56] https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid0CqzUtdnRmA6xYRUksgF85KBa7fyWS5APNMZTgUUTE8n9koVdrv5nLwXtnJKCCwNCl; https://www.facebook.com/GeneralStaff.ua/posts/pfbid02xgqceL8gVBg6CfhSYQNCqSSeXqDUi94o493VG5SK9VvmYyLKiTeApkxPiZyGzMWil; https://t.me/SJTF_Odes/10393; https://t.me/dva_majors/46894

[57] https://t.me/mod_russia/40839

[58] https://tass dot ru/ekonomika/21305673

[59] https://sprotyv dot mod.gov.ua/na-tot-hersonshhyny-usih-cholovikiv-zroblyat-kazakamy/

[60] https://understandingwar.org/sites/default/files/2024-03-24-PDF-Russian%20Offensive%20Campaign%20Assessment.pdf

[61] https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-june-23-2024

[62] https://tass dot ru/ekonomika/21308423; http://publication.pravo dot gov.ru/document/0001202407080018

[63] https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2024/06/24/russia-s-war-of-aggression-against-ukraine-comprehensive-eu-s-14th-package-of-sanctions-cracks-down-on-circumvention-and-adopts-energy-measures/

[64] https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/sanctions-against-russia/sanctions-against-russia-explained/

[65] https://t.me/dva_majors/46928

[66] https://www.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/russian-offensive-campaign-assessment-june-18-2024

[67] https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/ukrayina-ta-polshha-pidpysaly-bezpekovu-ugodu-yaka-peredbachaye-mozhlyvist-perehoplennya-rosijskyh-raket-ta-droniv/; https://www.president dot gov.ua/news/ugoda-pro-spivrobitnictvo-u-sferi-bezpeki-mizh-ukrayinoyu-ta-92009; https://www.president dot gov.ua/news/ukrayina-ta-polsha-uklali-bezpekovu-ugodu-dokument-peredbach-92013 ; https://mil.in dot ua/uk/news/polshha-rozglyane-peredachu-ukrayini-eskadrylyi-myg-29/ ; https://t.me/bbcrussian/67495; https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/volodymyr-zelenskyj-u-varshavi-provodyt-peregovory-premyerom-polshhi/; https://t.me/OP_UA/12757

[68] https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-defence-secretary-pledges-to-step-up-support-for-ukraine-on-visit-to-odesa; https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/rakety-brimstone-sau-as-90-i-katery-brytaniya-ogolosyla-novyj-paket-dopomogy-ukrayini/ ; https://mil dot in.ua/uk/news/ukrayina-otrymaye-partiyu-raket-brimstone-vid-brytaniyi/ ; https://mil.in dot ua/uk/news/brytaniya-peredast-ukrayini-novi-stvoly-do-sau-as-90/

[69] https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-defence-secretary-pledges-to-step-up-support-for-ukraine-on-visit-to-odesa; https://armyinform dot com.ua/2024/07/08/rakety-brimstone-sau-as-90-i-katery-brytaniya-ogolosyla-novyj-paket-dopomogy-ukrayini/ ; https://mil dot in.ua/uk/news/ukrayina-otrymaye-partiyu-raket-brimstone-vid-brytaniyi/ ; https://mil.in dot ua/uk/news/brytaniya-peredast-ukrayini-novi-stvoly-do-sau-as-90/

[70] https://x.com/MJaegerT/status/1809156725913633130; https://x.com/bayraktar_1love/status/1809165271568961822 ; https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/ukraine-receives-third-patriot-air-defence-system-germany-envoy-says-2024-07-05/;

[71] https://mil.in dot ua/uk/news/koalitsiya-droniv-latviya-peredast-ukrayini-ponad-2500-bezpilotnykiv/; https://www.mod.gov dot lv/lv/zinas/aizsardzibas-ministrija-ukrainai-piegadas-nakamo-dronu-pakotni-vairak-neka-2500-dronus-4

[72] https://iz dot ru/1723293/elizaveta-borisenko/mysli-vernutsia-v-sovet-evropy-prosto-ne-voznikaet-eto-nevozmozhno

[73] https://t.me/rybar/61648

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Russian MoD to upgrade 32 Kh-22 long-range anti-ship missiles .

The Russian Defense Ministry decided to make Kh-22 missiles operational again. They have been the main weapon for supersonic Tu-22M3 bombers for a long time, but were decommissioned in early 2000s. It has been now decided to accept the remaining missiles back into service. Experts said an upgrade will match them with the latest Kh-32 cruise missiles which are considered invulnerable for air defense and fighter jets, the Izvestia daily writes.

Russian MoD to upgrade 32 Kh 22 long range anti ship missiles

The Defense Ministry told the newspaper 32 Kh-22 are to be upgraded in three years. The cost is estimated at 300 million rubles. Raduga Design Bureau of Tactical Missiles Corporation designed Kh-22. Close to 3000 missiles of various modifications were produced. The munition depended on the mission. It can have an ordinary high-explosive fragmentation charge or a special (nuclear) warhead. The cruise missile was designed to destroy warships, radars and fortified strategic facilities (military bases, bridges, power plants) of the adversary. A deep modernization of Kh-22 will replace the element base of the munition. The capabilities of the weapon will be comparable to modern Kh-32, expert Alexey Leonkov said. "The characteristics of the upgraded munition will considerably surpass the missile for which it was created. Modernized Kh-22 will have a more powerful engine, a smaller warhead and bigger fuel tanks. It will increase the range nearly two-fold to one thousand kilometers," he said. Leonkov said the missile will have a new jamming-resistant inertial targeting radar with radio-controlled adjustment according to terrain relief. The autopilot is replaced by automatic controls. The upgraded missile is created for operations in conditions of heavy air and missile defense. Kh-32 design began in early 1990s and the first launches were held in mid-2000s. The missile speed is not less than 5 thousand km/h. It can be fired from any altitude and major distance at spatial and pinpoint targets. Tu-22M3 bomber is the main carrier of the missile. The combination of speed and unpredictable trajectory makes the missile invulnerable for antiaircraft weapons and fighter jets. The engine starts up after the launch from the aircraft. Kh-32 immediately ascends and enters the stratosphere. The engine switches to cruise regime after the missile reaches the assigned speed. At the final stage it nosedives to attack the target at a hypersonic speed, the Izvestia writes.

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Rare Video Shows A Russian Tu-22M3 Firing A Kh-32 Supersonic Air-Launched Cruise Missile

Kh-32

The footage shows, from a Tu-22M3 aircraft, the release of a Kh-32 ALCM during an air strike on Ukraine.

An interesting clip was shared online by the Fighterbomber Telegram channel on May 11, 2024. The footage, undated, shows the release of a Kh-32M cruise missile from a Tu-22M3, reportedly, during an air strike on Ukraine.

Several stills from the video below that show the release of a Kh-32(M) air-to-surface missile from a VKS Tu-22M3. Per the Fighterbomber Telegram channel, which uploaded the undated footage earlier today, the two missiles seen in the video were launched against Ukraine. https://t.co/0ge6hU09IN pic.twitter.com/fbyJzOYJ3s — Guy Plopsky (@GuyPlopsky) May 11, 2024

Kh-32 and Kh-22

The Kh-32 is a supersonic air-launched cruise missile developed by Russia and designed, primarily, for anti-ship and anti-radiation strike missions: the missile is in fact capable of engaging both naval surface targets and land-based radars.

It is an upgrade to the Kh-22 (NATO reporting name AS-4 “Kitchen”) a long-range, anti-ship missile designed primarily for use against naval surface targets, developed during the Cold War.

The Kh-22 has a range of approximately 600-700 kilometers (370-435 miles) and can carry a large conventional or nuclear warhead, depending on the variant.

cruise missile kh 22

For comparison, here are some key features and characteristics of the Kh-32 missile, officially adopted at the end of 2016:

  • Supersonic Speed: The Kh-32 is a high-speed missile, capable of reaching speeds of up to Mach 5 (approximately 6,200 km/h or 3,900 mph). This makes it difficult for enemy defenses to intercept.
  • Long range: The missile has a long operational range, reported to be over 1,000 kilometers (620 miles). This enables it to engage targets from significant distance, well beyond the reach of the enemy air defense systems.
  • Warhead flexibility: The Kh-32 can be equipped with different types of warheads depending on the mission requirements. It can carry a conventional high-explosive warhead for anti-ship missions or specialized anti-radiation warheads to target enemy radar installations.
  • Precision Guidance: The missile uses an onboard guidance system for accurate navigation towards its target. This guidance system may include inertial navigation, satellite navigation (such as GLONASS), and potentially terminal active radar homing for improved accuracy.
  • Anti-Ship Capabilities: With its high speed, long range, and anti-ship warhead options, the Kh-32 is effective against a variety of naval targets, including surface combatants and aircraft carriers.
  • Anti-Radiation Capabilities: In its anti-radiation configuration, the Kh-32 can home in on and destroy enemy radar installations, providing a valuable capability for suppressing air defenses, compared to other shorter range weapons, that would force the missile carrier to fly closer to the target, potentially within the range of the enemy SAMs (Surface to Air Missiles)
  • While the Kh-22 could be carried by the Tu-22M3 Backfire, the Tu-22 Blinder and the Tu-95 Bear , the Kh-32 can only be carried by the Tu-22M3.

cruise missile kh 22

Operational use in Ukraine

The first operational use of these missiles was observed during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. On May 11, 2022, a video surfaced online showing a Russian Air Force Tu-22M3 strategic bomber launching two Kh-22 or Kh-32 missiles at targets within Ukraine.

The UK Ministry of Defence expressed concern that Russia might be employing anti-ship missiles like the Kh-22 against ground targets, cautioning that such missiles are not highly accurate and could cause significant collateral damage and casualties.

Subsequent reports detailed multiple instances of Russian Air Force strikes using Kh-22 missiles. For example, on May 9, 2022, 13 Kh-22 missiles were reportedly launched, with several directed at Fontanka, resulting in casualties, and others targeting locations in Donetsk Oblast. Between May 12 and June 25, 2022, additional Kh-22 strikes were reported, totalling at least 44 missiles used.

The wreckage of a Kh-22 missile in Odesa. https://t.co/Kr46xJIu3A https://t.co/Nqy7ZuoGyK pic.twitter.com/INQswWxoiK — Rob Lee (@RALee85) May 31, 2022

A notable incident occurred on June 27, 2022, when two Kh-22 or Kh-32 missiles, launched by Russian Tupolev Tu-22M3 bombers, struck a shopping mall in Kremenchuk, resulting in significant casualties. Another attack on June 30, 2022, involving three Kh-22 missiles, caused further destruction and casualties in Serhiivka.

In September 2022, reports indicated that Russia employed Kh-22 missiles in strikes on hydraulic structures in Kryvyi Rih, altering river water levels significantly.

The Ukrainian Air Force claims 11 Shahed-131/136/ Geran-2 were shot down, and that Russia launched up to 6 Kh-22 and Kh-32 missiles from Tu-22M3 bombers and two Kh-31P missiles. The Tu-95Ms bombers launched from Rostov Oblast and the Caspian Sea. 2/ https://t.co/SyfUzwC1RL pic.twitter.com/Hojmmp9dqw — Rob Lee (@RALee85) December 29, 2022

Further attacks in January 2023 and May 2023 resulted in civilian casualties and damage to infrastructure.

For example, the Ukrainian Air Force says it shot down a large number of the shahed drones and air-launched cruise missiles launched on Dec 29, but none of the 8 Kh-22/Kh-32; 14 S-300/S-400/Iskander-M, or 5 Kinzhal missiles were intercepted. https://t.co/Opra9KVmKu — Rob Lee (@RALee85) January 4, 2024

Ukraine claimed its first successful interception of a Kh-32 missile in April 2024 and the downing of a Tu-22M3 demonstrating the ongoing use of these weapons in the conflict and the evolving capabilities of Ukrainian defenses.

Ukraine’s air defense has made history by intercepting a state-of-the-art Russian Kh-32 cruise missile produced in 2023 🇺🇦 The Kh-32 (modified Kh-22, range 600-1000 km & speed up to Mach 4.6) was likely shot down on 19 April along with a Tu-22M3 bomber https://t.co/QgOtRFrUZY pic.twitter.com/ny8rfmTizX — Euromaidan Press (@EuromaidanPress) April 20, 2024

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A Kyiv Children's Hospital Is Struck by a Cruise Missile as Russia Bombards Ukraine

Rescuers and volunteers clean up the rubble and search for victims

KYIV, Ukraine — A major Russian missile attack across Ukraine on Monday killed at least 31 people and injured 154, officials said, with one striking a large children’s hospital in the capital of Kyiv, where emergency crews searched the rubble for victims.

The daytime barrage targeted five Ukrainian cities with more than 40 missiles of different types, hitting apartment buildings and public infrastructure, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said in a social media post. Ukraine's air force said it intercepted 30 missiles.

Strikes in Kryvyi Rih, Zelenskyy's birthplace in central Ukraine, killed 10 people and injured 47 in what the head of city administration, Oleksandr Vilkul, said was a massive missile attack. Seven people were killed in Kyiv, authorities said.

"It is very important that the world should not be silent about it now and that everyone should see what Russia is and what it is doing,” Zelenskyy said on social media.

Western leaders who have backed Ukraine will hold a three-day NATO summit in Washington beginning Tuesday. They will look at how they can reassure Kyiv of the alliance’s unwavering support and offer Ukrainians hope that their country can come through Europe’s biggest conflict since World War II.

At the Okhmatdyt children’s hospital in Kyiv, rescuers searched for victims under the rubble of a partially collapsed, two-story wing of the facility. Mayor Vitali Klitschko said at least 16 people, seven of them children, were injured.

On the hospital’s main 10-story building, windows and doors were blown out and walls were blackened. Blood spattered the floor in one room. The intensive care unit, operating theaters and oncology departments all were damaged, officials said.

Rescuers searched for children and medical workers in the rubble. Volunteers formed a line, passing bricks and other debris to each other. Smoke still rose from the building, and volunteers and emergency crews worked in protective masks.

The attack forced the evacuation of the hospital and its temporary closure. Some mothers carried their children away on their backs, while others waited in the courtyard with their children as calls to doctors’ phones rang unanswered.

A few hours after the initial strike, another air raid siren sent many of them hurrying to the hospital’s shelter. Led by a flashlight through the shelter’s dark corridors, mothers carried their bandaged children in their arms and medical workers carried them on gurneys. Volunteers handed out candy to try to calm the children.

Marina Ploskonos said her 4-year-old son had spinal surgery Friday.

“My child is terrified,” she said. “This shouldn’t be happening, it’s a children’s hospital,” she said, bursting into tears.

Ukraine’s Security Service said it found wreckage from a Russian Kh-101 cruise missile at the site and had opened proceedings on war crime charges. The Kh-101 is an air-launched missile that flies low to avoid detection by radar. Ukraine said it shot down 11 of 13 Kh-101 missiles launched Monday.

Czech President Petr Pavel said the hospital attack was “inexcusable” and that he expected to see at the NATO summit a consensus that Russia was “the biggest threat for which we must be thoroughly prepared.”

The German government also condemned the attacks. A foreign office spokesperson called on Russian President Vladimir Putin to “put an immediate end to this war of aggression against so many innocent people.”

Russia’s Defense Ministry said the strikes targeted Ukrainian defense plants and military air bases and were successful. It denied aiming at any civilian facilities and claimed without evidence that pictures from Kyiv indicated the damage was caused by a Ukrainian air defense missile.

Since early in the war that is well into its third year, Russian officials have regularly claimed that Moscow’s forces never attack civilian infrastructure in Ukraine, despite what officials in Kyiv say as well as Associated Press reporting.

Elsewhere in Kyiv, where seven of the city's 10 districts were hit in the heaviest Russian bombardment of the capital in almost four months, the strikes killed seven people and injured 25, officials said.

About three hours after the first strikes, more missiles hit Kyiv and partially destroyed a private medical center. Four people were killed there, Ukraine’s Emergency Service said.

In the capital’s Shevchenkivskyi district, a three-story section of a residential building was destroyed. Emergency crews searched for casualties, and AP reporters saw them remove three bodies.

The powerful blast wave scorched nearby buildings, shattered windows and flung a dog into a neighboring yard, resident Halina Sichievka said.

“Now we don’t have anything in our apartment, no windows, no doors, nothing. Nothing at all,” the 28-year-old said.

The Kinzhal hypersonic missiles used in the attack are among the most advanced Russian weapons, Ukraine's air force said, flying at 10 times the speed of sound and making it hard to intercept.

City buildings shook from the blasts. Three electricity substations were damaged or destroyed in two districts of Kyiv, energy company DTEK said.

The head of Ukraine’s presidential office, Andrii Yermak, said the attack occurred at a time when many people were in the streets.

Samya Kullab in Kyiv contributed.

Follow AP’s coverage of the war in Ukraine at https://apnews.com/hub/russia-ukraine

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Security Service of Ukraine finds new evidence confirming that Russia hit Okhmatdyt with Kh-101 missile – photos

An engine fragment of a Russian Kh-101 cruise missile has been found at the site of the Russian attack on the Okhmatdyt hospital in Kyiv.

Source : Security Service of Ukraine (SSU)

Details : In addition, SSU investigators found:

a fragment of a Kh-101 wing deployment mechanism;

a fragment of a jamming unit of a Kh-101 missile;

the middle part of the body of a Kh-101 cruise missile (pictured under the rubble);

tail section fairing and a fragment of a Kh-101 cruise missile's hydraulic part;

fragments of the engine cowling of the Kh-101 cruise missile with the inventory (inside) and serial numbers (outside), photos of which were officially published the day before.

Fragments of a Kh-101 cruise missile engine.

Photo: Security Service of Ukraine

Part of a Kh-101 cruise missile engine.

Wreckage of a part of the body of a Kh-101 cruise missile .

Expert conclusions are unequivocal – it was a targeted attack by the Russians, the special service emphasises.

This is evidenced not only by the missile fragments found at the site of the strike but also by the analysis of flight path data, the nature of the damage caused, and a large number of video and photo materials.

Fragments of a Kh-101 missile engine with the inventory number.

These confirm a targeted missile strike by the Russian Federation:

the nature of the destruction (a two-storey hospital building was completely destroyed, and the surrounding buildings were heavily damaged), which is typical of a Kh-101 warhead (400 kg). The destruction could in no way have been caused by a NASAMS system, whose warheads are about 20 times less powerful;

the proportions, shape and size of the missile that have been captured in publicly available videos fully correspond to that of a Kh-101 missile, and, conversely, are not typical of SAMs, including NASAMS. Attempts by Russian propagandists to compare the missile which hit the hospital several hundred metres away in the video, with the size of the building in the foreground is a cynical and meaningless manipulation.

the missile's flight path is fully consistent with the characteristics of the Kh-101 (increasing height, or "slide", before attacking the target, and the approximately 60-degree angle of attack);

the strike on the Okhmatdyt children's hospital by an Kh-101 air-launched missile was recorded by objective radar monitoring.

Background: 

The Air Force also clearly denied the possibility that a Ukrainian air defence missile could have hit Okhmatdyt.

The evidence is a video screenshot and a photo of a Kh-101 missile, as well as a photo of an AIM-120 missile fired from a NASAMS system.

Background :

The Russians launched a strike on the Okhmatdyt National Children's Specialised Hospital in Kyiv on 8 July. One of the buildings was destroyed and rescue operations are ongoing.

The Kyiv authorities reported that two adults had been killed and 16 injured, including 7 children, as of 14:30 on 8 July.

The Security Service of Ukraine (SSU) has defined Russia's attack on the Okhmatdyt National Children's Specialised Hospital in Kyiv as a war crime and initiated criminal proceedings into the matter. Early reports from SSU investigators indicate the Russians used a Kh-101 air-launched cruise missile to attack the medical facility.

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Ukraine downs three of six missiles launched by Russia, air force says

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Russian Missile Identified in Kyiv Children’s Hospital Attack

An analysis of open source evidence, as well as missile experts, have pointed to a Russian launched Kh-101 cruise missile being the weapon that struck a children’s hospital in Kyiv, debunking claims from pro-Russian accounts and actors that denied responsibility and sought to shift the blame for the incident on to Ukraine.

The July 8 attack on the Okhmatdyt Children’s Hospital killed two and injured over 50 others, according to the hospital. However, the full toll of dead and injured remains unknown with individuals reported to still be trapped under rubble.

In the aftermath of the strike, several social media accounts known for spreading disinformation — including that of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs — began to claim that the missile was American-made and that it had been launched from a Ukrainian anti-aircraft missile system. 

Yet an analysis conducted by Bellingcat using social media footage as well as  a 3D model of the missile, all point to the munition being a Russian Kh-101 cruise missile . The analysis is in line with the view of experts, including Fabian Hoffman , a doctoral research fellow at the University of Oslo who specialises in missile technology.  

cruise missile kh 22

Dr. Jeffrey Lewis, a nuclear weapons and missile expert at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey in California, similarly concluded in an email to Bellingcat that a Kh-101 missile could be seen in footage of the attack posted to social media sites.

Bellingcat also tested an alternative theory floated online that the missile was a US-made AIM-120, but found no evidence for this.

The hospital attack came as part of a wider Russian missile barrage that hit civilian targets elsewhere in Ukraine, including the city of Dnipro. According to the Ukrainian Air Force , the attack began at approximately 10:00 AM local time and involved at least 36 missiles, including 13 Kh-101 cruise missiles.

Analysing the Missile Strike Footage

Shortly before noon, reports began to surface claiming that there had been an explosion at the Okhmatdyt Children’s Hospital. These reports were followed by video footage posted to Telegram showing a missile impacting the hospital.

cruise missile kh 22

The video clearly captured the missile that impacted the hospital. The following frames of the missile were taken from the video above.

cruise missile kh 22

The missile exhibits several characteristics, including the presence of what appears to be a jet engine at its rear as well as two short wings near the middle of the missile.

These are distinct features of the Kh-101 , a cruise missile used exclusively by the Russian armed forces. A comparison of a screenshot of the missile that hit the hospital with a 3D rendering of a Kh-101 missile shows that the two indeed share these features.

cruise missile kh 22

A video overlay of the two images above also demonstrates the matching the features and proportions of the 3D model of the Kh-101 and the missile that hit the hospital.

Missile Remnants

After the strike, the SBU released three images claiming to show remnants of the munition that hit the hospital. They stated that preliminary findings indicated it was a Kh-101, which appeared to tally with the aforementioned video footage. 

The images showed what appeared to be a support spar and engine panel. Manuals and imagery that documented previous Kh-101 strikes detailed similar remnants. 

For example, the support spar in the image below appeared similar to one found in a 2022 Ukrainian Territorial Defense Forces’ identification manual (page 28) which detailed a previous Kh-101 strike.

cruise missile kh 22

Another image showing a yellow panel with the numbers “2983” appears to match with what the same identification manual describes as the Kh-101’s engine cover (page 28, figure 22). The reference image from the manual has another piece that gives a more complete look at the serial number.

cruise missile kh 22

Additionally, one of the images released by the SBU shows markings on another remnant of the missile that hit the hospital. These markings include the numbers “840708036”, “~234452”, and “45 • 14” . Similar markings using this same format  are also visible on a remnant from a Kh-101 that was descibes as having been shot down over Ukraine on December 29, 2023. Some components were turned into a keychain and put up for sale on a website called AirHubStore :

cruise missile kh 22

It is important to note, however, that none of the SBU images were geolocatable on their own given they were closed cropped and did not show surroundings with identifiable features. 

This complicated verifying that these parts had indeed been at the scene.

However, images posted later by the Gazeta.UA news website were geolocatable to the hospital and appeared to show the same munition remnants as detailed in the SBU posts. For example the support spar can be seen under the arm of an investigator below.

cruise missile kh 22

The engine panel, meanwhile, can also be seen and its shape matched to the item that can be seen in the earlier SBU picture.

cruise missile kh 22

The full Gazeta.ua image can be geolocated just a few metres west of the damaged hospital building ( 50.450632, 30.481437) thanks to other images and videos from the scene captured by Reuters and the Kyiv Post.

For example, this video posted by the Kyiv Post showed another angle from where the Gazeta.ua image was taken. Bellingcat has blurred the face, but the same individual in military fatigues can even be seen in each respective publication’s footage, as well as the same damaged material.

cruise missile kh 22

Similarly, a Reuters photo from the scene captures the same pattern of damage that can be seen in the Gazeta.ua image that shows the same missile remnants as those posted by the SBU.

cruise missile kh 22

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Ukraine-Russia war latest: Russia's advance on Kharkiv 'halted'

Volodymyr Zelensky told leaders at his address at Blenheim Palace that Ukraine had halted Moscow's forces completely in northern Kharkiv.

Thursday 18 July 2024 15:32, UK

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  • Russia's Kharkiv advance halted, Zelenskyy says
  • Germany to halve military funding for Ukraine
  • Crimea and Russian Black Sea ports targeted by Ukraine
  • Trial of Evan Gershkovich continues
  • Zelenskyy in UK for EPC summit
  • Orban's Moscow visit was 'an appeasement mission'
  • Big picture:  What you need to know this week
  • Your questions answered: Could internal dissent lead to Putin's removal from power? | Has the West been honest about Ukraine's failures?
  • Live reporting by Ollie Cooper

Thanks for tuning in to our live coverage, that's all for today.

Here are the key events from the day:

  • President Zelenskyy said Ukraine had halted Moscow's forces completely in the Kharkiv region;
  • Germany looks set to halve its military funding for Ukraine next year;
  • Crimea and Russian Black Sea ports were targeted by Ukraine overnight;
  • The EU's president dubbed Viktor Orban's visit to Moscow an "appeasement tour";
  • Mr Zelenskyy appealed for European unity, defence systems and diplomacy during a visit to Blenheim Palace in the UK.

Five people have been killed and three injured in Russian attacks on the Donetsk region, prosecutors have said. 

A woman and her husband were killed in artillery shelling in the village of Pleshchiivka, the general prosecutor's office said.

Another three women were killed in a strike on private buildings in the village of Hrodivka, it added.

Separately, the Russian military dropped two guided bombs on the village of Velyka Novosilka, injuring a man and his wife inside their house, while another man was wounded in an artillery strike in the town of Zalizne.

In April this year, the US finally approved a long-awaited aid package worth some $60.8bn (£49bn) in aid to Ukraine.

Included were vast quantities of much-needed weapons and ammunition meant for the frontlines - which Kyiv had been desperately calling for for months. 

So how have they impacted the war? 

Nichita Gurcov, Eurasia analyst for Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project  (ACLED) told Sky News it may actually have pushed Moscow to act quickly and launch fresh attacks.

"It may have prodded Russia to step up its offensive to claim as much ground as possible, before the arriving weapons make it harder," he says. 

Russia resumed its offensive in October last year after fending off the latest Ukrainian attempt to cut the land corridor to Crimea, Gurcov explains. 

"By mid-February [this year] Russia secured the Avdiivka stronghold and has been since pressing toward Ukrainian logistical hub in Pokrovsk," he said. 

ACLED has counted the number of settlements gained by Russia in each month of the conflict. 

Five were taken in February, but just two in March.

In April (the month the US aid package was announced), seven settlements were captured, followed by nine in May and 11 in June - highlighting a clear increase in Russian offensive action. 

"The sharp increase in the number of claimed settlements in May is due to the Russian re-invasion of the northern Kharkiv region," Gurcov explains. 

"It could have pursued - diverting Ukrainian forces from elsewhere - but so far has been contained," he adds (see 11.40am post).

Another indicator of increased fighting is the number of reported battles, according to ACLED:  

"The sharp increase in fighting in April and the subsequent near-50% increase in May is an all-time high since the invasion," Gurcov notes. 

"The spike is only partially due to the re-invasion of the Kharkiv region as we are recording steadily intensifying offensive in the Donetsk region," he adds. 

Closing arguments in the trial of Wall Street Journal reporter Evan Gershkovich will be heard in a Russian court tomorrow. 

Mr Gershkovich attended a trial session for a second day behind closed doors today - more in our 8.10am post on that.  

The 32-year-old was arrested in March last year while on a reporting trip. Authorities claimed, without offering any evidence, that he was gathering secret information for the US - which he, his employer and his government all vehemently deny. 

Russia will not rule out new deployments of nuclear missiles in response to the planned US stationing of long-range conventional weapons in Germany, Moscow's deputy foreign minister Sergei Ryabkov has said. 

Russia regularly threatens Europe and the US with the nuclear option in public. 

"I am not ruling out any options," the Interfax news agency said he told reporters in the Russian capital when asked to comment on the US deployment plans.

Washington said last week it would start deployment in Germany from 2026 of weapons that will include SM-6, Tomahawk and new hypersonic missiles in order to demonstrate its commitment to NATO and European defence.

Interfax cited Mr Ryabkov as saying that the defence of Russia's Kaliningrad region, which is wedged between NATO members Poland and Lithuania, was a particular focus.

"Kaliningrad is no exception in terms of our 100% determination to do everything necessary to push back those who may harbour aggressive plans and who try to provoke us to take certain steps that are undesirable for anyone and are fraught with further complications," Mr Ryabkov said.

Readers have been sending in their questions to our senior correspondents and military experts for their take on the changing battlefield environment in Ukraine.

Today, Ross Tregembo asks:

Is there a possibility of internal dissent within Putin's inner circle leading to his removal from power?

Moscow correspondent Ivor Bennett   replies:

"Not right now, no. This seems extremely unlikely for a number of reasons.

"Firstly, Vladimir Putin has just started a new presidential term, keeping him in the Kremlin for another six years.

"The potential political jeopardy of an election has evaporated and his approval ratings are near record highs (85% according to the independent Levada Center), helped by Russia gaining the upper hand on the battlefield in Ukraine.

"So there's no overt public support for a change at the top.

"Secondly, who would succeed him? His refusal to pick a successor all these years has been deliberate, and a key factor in preserving his power.

"Thirdly, his potential rivals are focused elsewhere.

"Look at what’s happening at the ministry of defence and the series of corruption scandals. By replacing his long-time ally Sergei Shoigu as minister of defence, Putin seemed to open the doors to a full-on purge of the military’s top brass.

"Analysts say this was a deliberate ploy to play his rivals off against each other - security services vs the military. By doing that, they're less likely to take a shot at him.

"Yes, it's only been a year since his authority was challenged like never before, with the Prigozhin-led uprising. But fast-forward 12 months and his grip on power appears stronger than ever."

A Russian court has sentenced US citizen Michael Travis Leake to 13 years in prison on drug smuggling charges, the court service has said in a statement. 

Mr Leake, a musician and former US paratrooper - who was arrested in June 2023 - was found guilty of selling drugs on a large scale, the court service said.

It was not clear how he pleaded.

He is one of about a dozen Americans currently held in Russian detention - alongside Wall Street Journal reporter Evan Gershkovich, whose trial continued today (see 8.10am post). 

Another American, Robert Romanov Woodland, was sentenced by a Russian court to 12-1/2 years for drug smuggling earlier this month.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen's desire to create "a true European Defence Union" if she is re-elected shows the mood in Europe is one of militarisation and confrontation, the Kremlin has said. 

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the plans reflected Ms von der Leyen's "changing priorities" and said her proposals gave a "military colouring" to the EU.

Mr Peskov told reporters that her proposal "confirms the general attitude of European states to militarisation, escalation of tension, confrontation and reliance on confrontational methods in their foreign policy".

"Everything is quite obvious here," he added. 

One more line to bring you from Volodymyr Zelenskyy's address at Blenheim Palace - concerning Russia's progress in northern Kharkiv. 

When trying to convince leaders to help with Kyiv's air defence capability, the president said Ukraine had halted Moscow's forces completely.

"We have stopped the Russian advance on Kharkiv - period," he said.

"Putin has sacrificed tens of thousands of his citizens but has achieved nothing significant," he added.

"This was made possible by the bravery of our warriors and the bravery of our partners, who have lifted limitations on the use of Western weapons along our border," he added. 

Russia launched a surprise attack on Vovchansk in the Kharkiv region in May, opening up another front for Ukraine to defend.

Moscow's troops made rapid progress in the days immediately after the incursion, before being slowed by a stubborn Ukrainian resistance. 

Reports earlier in the week that Russian operations were winding down in the area resulted in Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov denying the claims yesterday. 

"This operation is ongoing, it will continue until it has been successfully completed," he told reporters.

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cruise missile kh 22

IMAGES

  1. Russia's Kh 22 Missile, Air launched anti ship cruise missile

    cruise missile kh 22

  2. Kh-22

    cruise missile kh 22

  3. Ukrainian Air Defense Shoot Down Russia’s Air-launched Kh-22 Cruise Missile

    cruise missile kh 22

  4. X-22 cruise missile (K-22 complex)

    cruise missile kh 22

  5. Cruise Missile KH-22 Vs Navy

    cruise missile kh 22

  6. kh-22 missile soviet obj

    cruise missile kh 22

VIDEO

  1. Russian aviation cruise missile Kh-101, firing the traps of the L-504 airborne defense

  2. scary!! Tu-22 Launch missile Kh-22 (Х-22)• Destroy Target

  3. 150K Euro in the Air

  4. Udarnaya Sila (Ударная Сила ракeта X-35 Уран ) 3/4 (RUS)

  5. Udarnaya Sila (Ударная Сила ракeта X-35 Уран ) 4/4 (RUS)

  6. Udarnaya Sila (Ударная Сила ракeта X-35) 1/4 (RUS)

COMMENTS

  1. Kh-22

    The Kh-22 "Storm" (Russian: Х-22 "Буря", NATO reporting name AS-4 'Kitchen') is a large, long-range anti-ship cruise missile developed by MKB Raduga in the Soviet Union.It was designed for use against aircraft carriers and carrier battle groups, with either a conventional or nuclear warhead. Kh-32 is an updated conventional variant of the Kh-22 and was accepted to service in 2016; it ...

  2. Ukraine's air defenders claim two major firsts, but missiles ...

    Ukraine's air defenders say they notched up two significant firsts on Friday morning, taking down a Russian Tu22M3 strategic bomber and hitting two Kh-22 hypersonic cruise missiles in flight.

  3. Russia's Kh-22

    Few missiles in the world could compete with the Kh-22 at that time. Flight and firing tests of the Кh-22 complex were completed in 1967. In 1975, as an alternative launching platform, the Tupolev-95К-22 was made to carry three Kh-22 missiles.. In the second half of the 1970s, Kh-22 missiles began to arm modernized supersonic Tupolev-22М2 and Tupolev-22М3 bombers that could also carry up ...

  4. Ukraine Fears This Soviet Cruise Missile: Air Force Highlights Kh-22s

    The challenge posed by Kh-22 strikes has been compounded by a serious depletion of Ukraine's Soviet built air defence network, which supplies from the country's Western supporters have not come close to compensating for.Other than two units of American Patriot missile systems guarding the capital Kiev, one of which was taken out of commission and reportedly seriously damaged by Russian ...

  5. Russian cruise-missile champions new build and new buildings

    The previously unseen missile configuration, Item (Izdeliye) 720, appears to draw on several elements of the Kh-69 land-attack cruise missile ... (RS-AS-18 Kazoo) stand-off missile and a Kh-22 (RS-AS-4) anti-ship missile. The ageing Kh-22 has been used for land attack in Ukraine, despite its poor accuracy. Russia almost certainly still retains ...

  6. Dnipro reels from deadly Russian missile strike

    In Dnipro, one of the Х-22 cruise missiles hit a nine-story residential building, completely destroying one of the sections from top to bottom floors. ... The Kh-22 was designed in the Soviet era ...

  7. Ukrainian air force says Russian missile fired at Dnipro is the same

    The Ukrainian Air Force says the Russian missile that hit an apartment block in Dnipro Saturday, killing nine people and injuring dozens, was a Kh-22 — an older type of cruise missile that is a ...

  8. Dead, Alive or Devastated After Russian Strike on Apartments

    The missile that struck the building in Dnipro appeared to have been a Kh-22 cruise missile, also known as an X-22 missile, according to Hanna Maliar, Ukraine's deputy minister of defense. She ...

  9. Despite Sanctions, Russian Cruise Missiles Were Made Recently

    Experts examined remnants of Kh-101 cruise missiles found in Kyiv, the capital, after an attack on Nov. 23 that knocked out electricity and shut down water systems in large areas of the country.

  10. Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, December 29, 2023

    Zaluzhnyi reported that Russian strategic aircraft and bombers later launched at least 90 Kh-101, Kh-555, and Kh-55 cruise missiles and eight Kh-22 and Kh-32 missiles. [4] Russian forces also struck Kharkiv City with modified S-300 air defense missiles and launched a total of 14 S-300, S-400, and Iskander-M ballistic missiles from occupied ...

  11. Ukraine intercepts Russian Kh-22 cruise missile for the first time

    The Kh-22, a supersonic cruise missile developed during the Soviet era, is designed for use against aircraft carriers and carrier battle groups, carrying either conventional or nuclear warheads. The X-22 (Kh-22 in Russian), also known by the NATO reporting name AS-4 'Kitchen', is a long-range supersonic cruise missile developed by the Soviet ...

  12. Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, July 8, 2024

    Ukrainian Air Force Commander Lieutenant General Mykola Oleshchuk stated that Russian forces conducted two rounds of combined missile strikes on July 8—first launching four Kh-101 cruise missiles from Saratov Oblast and two Iskander-M ballistic missiles from occupied Crimea and Kursk Oblast overnight on July 7 to 8, and then launching a ...

  13. Russian MoD to upgrade 32 Kh-22 long-range anti-ship missiles

    The cruise missile was designed to destroy warships, radars and fortified strategic facilities (military bases, bridges, power plants) of the adversary. A deep modernization of Kh-22 will replace the element base of the munition. The capabilities of the weapon will be comparable to modern Kh-32, expert Alexey Leonkov said.

  14. Russia's Kh 22 Missile, Air launched anti ship cruise missile

    The Kh-22 Burya (Storm) was a Soviet nuclear-tipped anti-ship missile. Development of this missile began back in 1958. It was originally designed to be carri...

  15. Rare Video Shows A Russian Tu-22M3 Firing A Kh-32 Supersonic Air

    Kh-32 and Kh-22. The Kh-32 is a supersonic air-launched cruise missile developed by Russia and designed, primarily, for anti-ship and anti-radiation strike missions: the missile is in fact capable ...

  16. A Kyiv Children's Hospital Is Struck by a Cruise Missile as Russia

    Ukraine's Security Service said it found wreckage from a Russian Kh-101 cruise missile at the site and had opened proceedings on war crime charges. The Kh-101 is an air-launched missile that ...

  17. Security Service of Ukraine finds new evidence confirming that ...

    An engine fragment of a Russian Kh-101 cruise missile has been found at the site of the Russian attack on the Okhmatdyt hospital in Kyiv. Source: Security Service of Ukraine (SSU) Details: In ...

  18. Ukraine downs three of six missiles launched by Russia, air force says

    KYIV, July 8 (Reuters) - Ukrainian air defences shot down three Kh-101 cruise missiles of the six Russia launched overnight, the country's air force said on Monday. The missiles were shot down ...

  19. Cruise Missile KH-22 Vs Navy

    KH-22 "The Storm" - Soviet/Russian long-range supersonic air-launched cruise anti-ship missile.Download mission - https://live.warthunder.com/post/1020753/en...

  20. Russian Missile Identified in Kyiv Children's Hospital Attack

    The hospital attack came as part of a wider Russian missile barrage that hit civilian targets elsewhere in Ukraine, including the city of Dnipro. According to the Ukrainian Air Force, the attack began at approximately 10:00 AM local time and involved at least 36 missiles, including 13 Kh-101 cruise missiles. Analysing the Missile Strike Footage

  21. Ukraine-Russia war latest: Russia's advance on Kharkiv 'halted'

    Russia will not rule out new deployments of nuclear missiles in response to the planned US stationing of long-range conventional weapons in Germany, Moscow's deputy foreign minister Sergei Ryabkov ...